The third historical era of James' life was also one for all Americans...a time of fundamental social, economic, political and geographical change. We will call it The Migration Era.
Even though he didn't go far, James left the economically struggling family farm for work in town. It was a move that fundamentally changed his life economically, socially and geographically. He migrated to Douglasville.
In the 1880 Census, Douglasville, Georgia, James (age 32) is enumerated as Head of House, Single with occupation as Dry Goods and Grocer, and most interesting are the household members listed. Sisters Eugenia (24) keeping house, and Savannah (16) at school. Already James has made a significant impact on the family's future then and for generations to come.
The 1900 Census, therefore, was of great importance in it's assessments of the population as well as a tool for gathering more information about each individual than had ever been recorded before. With that in mind an evaluation of the 1900 Census and the information it revealed about James and Alice is quite relevant to the telling of James' story.
~James' occupation listed as Merchant. **Suggests the possibility of business ownership with 0 missed months at work.
~Ownership of Home marked...Owns Free of Mortgage FARM.
~Since Alice answered Yes to the Education portions and James did not, we can assume that Alice was the only one at home when the Census Taker knocked on their door.
~Not only did Alice not know or was unsure of James' education, she did not know the birth place of his Mother. She answered North Carolina when Mary Anne Howell Pittman was born in Cobb County Georgia.
~Lastly, Alice stated she was mother of 5 children with 3 of these children living. We know from the Family Tree (photo) that Little Allison died at the age of one year, but who was and where is the 5th child of Marion Alice Kennedy Pittman?
James and Alice lived their married life within the historical constraints set forth by
The Fundamental Social, Economic, Political and Geographical Guidelines of the day.